by โกวิทย์ พวงงาม
|An Assessment in the Strengthening of Civil Politics
The research project on ‘the Assessment of the Strength of the Civil Politics’ has the objectives of assessing the strength of the civil politics of the Civil Society Network (CSN) of each province of Thailand, assessing the strength and performances of provincial CSNs, and attaining the suggestions for the development of provincial CSNs. This research methodology is a mixed one because both quantitative and qualitative research disciplines are implemented in order to attain the findings that make the accomplishment of the research objectives possible. The quantitative research tool used is a set of questionnaire. The populations of this research project are divided into 2 groups, namely, (1) the Civil Society Networks (CSNs) of 77 provinces of Thailand, the performances of which are assessed, and (2) 70 members of the CSN of each province, making the total number of the studied samples is 5,390, randomly selected in order to assess the performances of their networks, the democratic traits of their networks and their civil characteristics.
The findings from the research reveal the following facts.
The assessment of the strength and performances of the CSNs show that each CSN is a governmental-civil network. Concerning the composition and status of CSNs, it is discovered that most of the studied samples deem that the structure of a CSN that is divided into 6 sections is appropriate. However, the authority of selecting work units and people to be the members of the network should belong to the CSN. A CSN can be a formal, semi-formal or informal association, depending on the decision of CSN of each province. The assessment of the performances of each CSN relies on 7 indicators, namely, (1) the internal communication and collaboration of each CSN, (2) the exchange and collaboration with external work units, (3) the participation of members of each CSN, (4) the activities in accordance with the CSN’s authorities, (5) the dissemination of CSN’s information and tidings, (6) the review and evaluation of each CSN’s performances, and (7) the making of strategic and operational plans for civil politics. It is also discovered that most of the studied CSNs 0r 80% of all have carried out all the 7 activities. The activities practiced less than others are the making of strategic and operational plans for civil politics and the making of CSN database. Concerning CSNs’ civil politics works, it is discovered that most of the studied CSNs work through the operations of the community organization councils, and the operations with the compliance with the registration framework determined by the Political Development Council, and the operations in accordance with the policies of work unit that each CSN member works for. This makes each CSN lack of the joint strategy to drive its operations or to link or drive its political development plans to be put in the provincial development plan. The strength of the civil politics can be assessed against the performances and the democracy traits of each CSN and the civil characteristics of the samples. It is found out that most of the samples indicate that their CSNs’ performances and democracy traits are in moderate to high levels. Concerning their civil characteristics, the samples have high civil characteristics in accordance with all the studied indicators. However, the ‘CSN’s participation with Local Administrative Organizations (LAOs)’ indicator is lower than the others. The suggestions that enable CSNs to develop themselves are that each CSN should set clear visions, strategies and operational plans that promote civil politics; set a database that facilitate its operations; have its strategies and civil politics plans included in provincial development plans, and arrange demonstrative activities or projects that show the Best Practice of civil politics. Furthermore, each CSN should consult with LAOs in order to determine their collaborative operations. This can be done through the making of mutual MOUs concerning the promotion for civil politics. The Office of the Political Development Council should act as a supportive work unit that facilitates CSNs’ making of their civil politics strategies. The Political Development Council should spent the Civil Politics Development Fund on supporting CSNs’ strategies and civil politics plans in order to allow CSNs to work with LAOs in creating ‘Civil Politics’ mechanism that can strengthen civil politics.
|เอกสารฉบับนี้สงวนสิทธิ์โดยสำนักงานศูนย์วิจัยและให้คำปรึกษาแห่งมหาวิทยาลัยธรรมศาสตร์ ห้ามทำซ้ำ คัดลอก หรือนำไปเผยแพร่ตัดต่อโดยมิได้รับอนุญาตเป็นลายลักษณ์อักษร
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